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Wildlife in Rajasthan
Bhensrod Garh Sanctuary of Rajasthan
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Sariska National Park near Alwar
Ranthambore National Park of Rajasthan
Mount Abu Wild life Sanctuary
Kumbhal Garh Sanctuary of Rajasthan
Keoladeo National Park of Bharatpur
Jaisamand Sanctuary of Rajasthan
Desert National Park of Jaisalmer
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Mount Abu is the highest peak in the Aravalli Range at a average height of 1,219 mtr's above sea level is the oasis in the deserted land of Rajasthan and posses the honor of being the only hill-station in Rajasthan as well as north-west India. Situated amidst lush green forested hills on the highest peak in the Aravali range is also the summer capital for the Indian state of Rajasthan, home to lakes, waterfalls and green forests, the hill retreat, has a very cool and soothing climate thanks to its rich flora covering the entire hillside that includes coniferous trees and flowering shrubs. The road leading to Mount Abu is a curved one characterized by arid region dotted with huge rocks in weird shapes and high velocity winds. The only hill station in Rajasthan, Mount Abu is more than just a summer retreat.

The Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1960 and covers 290 km² of the mountain. Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary is located in one of the oldest mountain ranges of India, the Aravalli range. It was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1960. The Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary is home to many sightseeing points offering fantastic views. It is made from igneous rocks which have formed large cavities in many areas due to the weathering effects of wind and water. This is common throughout the entire Mount Abu region. Many people visit the Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary just for the sightseeing and views, but most visit The Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary for the animals and birds. The Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary is about 7 kilometres long and only 300 metres wide. This means that while you take the long walk down The Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary you won’t miss much on either side. In addition to the sightseeing opportunities, the Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary is a popular destination for eco-tourism. The Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary crosses a variety of mountain highs, from 300m to 1722m at Gurashikhar- the highest peak in the Aravali Ranges.


Rajasthan Tourism department in recent times have been making rapid strides as far as Eco-Tourism is concerned. It was being increasingly felt that the desert destinations of Rajasthan like Jaipur, Jodhpur and Udaipur etc were oversold in the international tourist market. In a bid to diversify its tourism, the Mount Abu sanctuary together with Mount Abu have been strategically highlighted as an irresistible Eco-Tourism circuit and needless to say, the response has been tremendous.

The best part of visiting Mount Abu Sanctuary is that, one can experience both nature based tourism as well as pilgrim tourism at one go. Mount Abu has a plethora of temples, particularly Jain temples like Vimal Basahi, Luna Basahi and of course the magnificent Dilwara temple. Mount Abu is also a renowned place of pilgrimage for the Hindu's with temples of Achaleshwar, Adharadevi, Raghunathji and Madhuvan to name just a few.

Flora and Fauna of the Mount Abu Sanctuary in Rajasthan

The Mount Abu Region and the Aravali Ranges have a wide and rich floral diversity. The foothills of the mountain ranges contain xeromorphic subtropical thorn forests whilst the rivers and tributaries are boarded by subtropical evergreen forests, which also appear at higher levels. There is an evergreen forest that meets the water and the valleys on the other side. The Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary houses around 112 plant families with 449 genera and 820 species. Many of these species are dicots and the rest are monocots. Many of these species are very rare and threatened. You can also find the finest orchids at the Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary. Don’t forget the many roses and bamboo rich areas. The floral plants include roses, champa and jasmine. The sanctuary also abounds in Kacchar, Kaionda, Mango, Khajur and Phaludra and other herbs and plants with medicinal values. The sanctuary has xenomorphic subtropical thorn forest at the foot hills and subtropical evergreen forest near water sources and high altitudes.

It is unique in the sense that more than 250 species of birds are found here, but the speciality of the Abu sanctuary is the grey jungle fowl. The leopard sloth bear, wild boar, sambar, chinkara and langur are the other inhabitants here. A variety of fauna including highly rare, threatened and endangered species are found in this sanctuary.

The past history of Mount Abu indicates the presence of Lion (last recorded in 1872) and Tiger (last reported in 1970). Presently, the Panther is the apex predator. Other animals found here are Sambhar, Jungle Cat, Small Indian Civet, Wolf, Hyaena, Jackal, Indian Fox, Common Langoor, Wild Boar, Pangolin, Ratel, Common Mongoose, India Hare Porcupine, Hedgehog, etc.

The sanctuary provides an ideal habitat for Sloth Bear. The population of Sloth Bear is increasing regularly as it can be seen while going through the forests or motoring on the road. This sanctuary is so filled with the activities of birds that it is a sort of pilgrimage for bird lovers.

Location and Transport of Mount Abu Sanctuary in Rajasthan, India

Mount Abu is the only Hill Station of Rajasthan located near Udaipur in South West of the state of Rajasthan in India.Udaipur (185 kms.) is the nearest airport. Abu Road (29 kms.) is the nearest railway station. Taxis and buses are available from both the airport and the railway station. There is also a good network of bus services connecting Mount Abu to important places like Ahmedabad, Udaipur, Jodhpur, and Jaipur.


By Air
Udaipur is the nearest airport to Mount Abu, 185 km away. Tourists can easily opt for various road transport facilities available at the airport for reaching Mount Abu. A number of domestic airlines have their scheduled flight to Udaipur, which connect the city to the major cities in the country.

By Road
Mount Abu is well-connected by roads, as it is in close proximity to National Highway No 8 and 14. A small roadway connects the city to National Highway no 8, which in turn connects it to major cities like Jodhpur and Delhi. There is also a good network of roads making it accessible to other important places in the state. With good road conditions you can also travel by private car/taxi.
Distance: Jodhpur (326 km), Udaipur (185 km), Ahmedabad (221 km)

By Train
The railway station at Abu Road is a two-hour drive from Mount Abu and is well-connected to the rest of the country through a number of trains. It is a major stoppage for a number of important long-distance trains of the Western and Northern Railways.


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