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KUMBHALGARH SANCTUARY OF RAJASTHAN IN INDIA

Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary is a major attraction for the tourists coming to Udaipur. This Sanctuary falls under the Rajsamand district of Rajasthan. Kumbhalgarh Park lies at a distance of 65 kms from Udaipur on Udaipur - Pali - Jodhpur road. If you are a wild-life lover, this is a perfect place for you to visit. Sprawled in an area of 578 sq km, Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary encircles the massive fort of Kumbhalgarh. This wildlife park has imbibed its name from the same fort.

Broadening across the Aravalli Range, Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary is located in the most rugged of the Aravali in Pali, Rajsamand and Udaipur districts of Rajasthan. Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary with an area of 578 sq Km and at an altitude of 500 to 1,300m is home to a very large variety of wild life, some of which are highly endangered species. The sanctuary provides natural abode to many creatures like Wolf, Leopards, Sloth bear, Hyena, jackal, Jungle cat, Sambhar, Nilgai, Chausingha (the four horned antelope), Chinkara and Hare. In fact, Kumbhalgarh is the only sanctuary of Rajasthan, where you can trace wolf engaged in its activities. The Aravalis hills, which remain barren for most of the year, turns green during rains and provide shelter to sloth bear, leopard, flying squirrel. Kumbalgarh is the only sanctuary of Rajasthan, where activities of the rarely found wolf can be seen. More than forty wolves inhabit the Joba area of the sanctuary. During summer, when water becomes scarce, pack of wolves roaming around water holes is a common sight.

The bird life at Kumbhalgarh is also gratifying. Kumbhalgarh sanctuary is also a mecca for bird-watchers with numerous avian species that are residents of the sanctuary. The normally shy and untrusted grey jungle fowl can be spotted along with white breasted kingfisher in the haunting wilderness of the Kumbhalgarh sanctuary. Peacocks and Doves can be sighted regularly feeding on grains scattered by the jungle guards. Bird like the red spur owls, Parakeets, golden Oriole, grey Pigeons, Bulbul, Dove and white breasted kingfisher can also be seen near the water holes.

KUMBHALGARH SANCTUARY OF RAJASTHAN IN INDIA

Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary also enjoys a variety of flora with many rare trees and plants, some of which boast of medicinal properties. You can also take a safari trip to enjoy the natural habitat of these birds and animals. Every year, Kumbhalgarh draws many a tourists towards itself for its natural beauty and especially for its accessibility from Udaipur. Foot tracking and horse safari organised by local tour operators are proving to be very popular. A typical safari route enters the sanctuary from the Kumbhalgarh Fort and cutting across the sanctuary it reaches Ghanerao, and then borders an old abandoned road. On this road, one can sight Chinkaras, Neelgais, four horned Antelope and many birds.

The Kumbhalgarh Fort of Rajasthan in India

The sanctuary's natural beauty is further heightened by a magnificent fort - the Kumbhalgarh fort. Set amidst a cluster of thirteen mountain peaks of the Aravali range, the formidable medieval citadel of Kumbhalgarh Fort stands a wary sentinel to the past glory of its kings and princes. Located 64 km north of Udaipur in the wilderness, Kumbhalgarh is the second most important citadel after Chittorgarh in the Mewar region. The fort is self-contained and has within its amalgam almost everything to withstand a long siege. The huge complex of the Fort has numerous palaces, temples and gardens making it more magnificent.

Cradled in the Aravali Ranges rising from a prominent ridge, 1,914 m above the sea level, the fort was built in 15th century AD by Maharana Kumbha (1419-63 AD) and is the principal fort after Chittaurgarh Fort. Because of its inaccessibility and hostile topography the fort had remained un-conquered. The fort fell only once that too to the combined armies of Mughal and of Amber for scarcity of drinking water. It also served the rulers of Mewar as a refuge in times of strife. The fort also served as refuge to the baby king Udai of Mewar. The Kumbhalgarh Fort also has a great significance by being the birthplace of Maharana Pratap and as the finest examples of defensive fortification in Rajasthan. The most interesting part is that this fort has a fort within itself. Named Kartargarh, the inner fort has a palace built by Maharana Fateh Singh after he had pulled down the old palace built by Rana Kumbha.

Encircled by thirteen elevated mountain peaks, the fort is constructed on the top most ridges around 1,914 meters above sea level. The fortifications of the fort extend to the length of 36 kilometers and over 25 feet thick; and this fact has made this fort to be in the international records. It is stated to be the second longest continuous wall in the world, the first being ''the Great Wall of China''.

The fort is associated with the memory of Dhatri Panna and her supreme sacrifice wherein she gave away her own son to the enemy or attackers in her bid to save her master's son. There are several palaces or "Mahals" inside the fort but they are out of bound to visitors.

The most amazing and interesting fact about the fort is that it houses another fort in its complex. This fort is called Kartargarh fort and is famous for its palace that resides on the top of structure built by Maharana Fateh Singh. This beautiful palace is known as 'Badal Mahal' or the Palace of Cloud. It is also accredited to be the birth place of great warrior Maharana Pratap. This palace has beautiful rooms with lovely color combination of green, turquoise and white presenting a bright contrast to the earthy colors of the Fort. This place gives the appearance of being wandering in the world of clouds. Cloud Palace also offers a fantastic panoramic vista of the down town.  located at a height of 1087 meter on the hilly terrains of the Aravalli range. This invincible fort was built by Rana Kumbha in 1458 and happens to be the second oldest fort of Rajasthan after Chittor fort.

The Megh Durbar and The Durbar Hall are however accessible. Just below the fort, there is the 2nd century Jain temple, which is in a dilapidated condition. Nearby is the Kali temple. Besides, there are temples dedicated to Kumbha Swamy, Nilkantha and Mahadeva. From the roof, one is assured of breath taking views of the Kumbalgarh sanctuary. During the scorching summer months from March to June, wild inmates of the sanctuary like antilopes, panthers, bears and wolves come to the adjoining lake to drink water and makes for a pretty sight.
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KUMBHALGARH SANCTUARY OF RAJASTHAN IN INDIA

Location and Transport of Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary in Rajasthan, India

Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary is located 65km from Udaipur and is easily accessible from the city of Udaipur. You can take the services of regular buses that start from Udaipur, if you are not interested for a bus ride, you can also hire private taxis to visit this sanctuary. Udaipur attract domestic as well as international tourists owing to a number of historical and religious land marks within the city as well as in the vicinity and hence is very well connected to the major cities of India by road, Air and Rail.

Udaipur By Road:
There are daily buses from Kumbhalgarh to Udaipur and since Udaipur falls on the Golden Quadrilateral, lying midway between Delhi and Mumbai on National Highway (NH) 8 and is around 650 km from either metro. The roads in this part of the country are really nice, paved in the middle, and fit for self-driving. One can either drive from Jaipur (around 7 hours) or Ahmedabad (4-5 hours), or take a Rajasthan Tourism bus from India Gate in Delhi.

Udaipur By Air:
Nearest Airport to Kumbhalgarh is Udaipur Dabok airport which is 24 km from the city centre. Daily flights connect Udaipur with Jodhpur, Jaipur, Aurangabad, Mumbai and Delhi. The Airport is going through modernization project and soon going to have a new terminal building with additional 4 stands.

Udaipur By Train:
Nearest Rail Head to Kumbhalgarh is Udaipur where train connectivity is established between Delhi, Jaipur and Ahmedabad through trains run by Indian Railway. Recently Udaipur got connected with Delhi Kota and Mathura with superfast Mewar express on broad gauge line. Udaipur is now also connected with the Kolkatta, by the train "Ananya Express".

Facts of Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary in Rajasthan, India

Climate
Summer Max:37.0 degree C Min. 23.0 Degree C
Winter Max:29.0 degree C Min. 9.1 Degree C

Area details
Total area of Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary is 578 sq Km at an altitude of 500 to 1,300m.
65 Km South East of Udaipur.

Main Attraction
Leopard

Best Time to visit
November to April 

 

 
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