Anandpur Sahib, known as "the holy City of Bliss," is a holy city of the Sikhs and is one of their most important sacred places, closely linked with their religious traditions and history. It is located on the lower spurs of the Himalayas surrounded by picturesque natural scenery, with the river Sutlej forming a shimmering and shiny blue border on the south west barely four miles away. So far as the historical significance of Anandpur Sahib is concerned, it is second only to Amritsar, the city of Golden Temple. Anandpur Sahib was founded in the year 1665 by the ninth Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur, near the ruins of an ancient place, Makhowal. The Guru purchased the site from the ruler of Bilaspur.
Having purchased the dune of Makhowal from dowager Rani Champa, wife of late Raja Deep Chand of Kahlur-Bilaspur State, the 9th Guru of the Sikhs, Sahib Sri Guru Teg Bahadur had laid the foundation of a new town on the 19th June, 1665. He called it Chak Nanki after the name of his mother.
Quietly, the Chak had grown into poverty free, self sufficient and a progressive State within the Mughal State of India. Run on the basis of divine principles of love and liberty, it became a heaven for the people oppressed by the fanaticism of Emperor Aurangzeb. On 25th May, 1675, tyrannized Kashmiri Brahmins under the leadership of Pt. Kirpa Ram came here to seek solace and salvation and the greatest Arabic and Persian Hindu scholar of the time Bhai Nand Lal Goya, who had also served as a tutor to the sons of Emperor Aurangzeb, sought shelter at Sri Anandpur Sahib when threatened with forcible conversion. It is widely believed that the name of Chak Nanki was changed into Anandpur Sahib by Sahib Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
The miseries of the Kashmiri Brahmins and others had prompted the 9th Guru to offer a unique martyrdom in the annals of the world for upholding the humanity's right to freedom of conscience.
The town achieved its finest glory in the times of Guru Gobind Singh ji who spent almost 25 years of his life at this very place. It was at this place where five Sikhs volunteered their heads at Guru Gobind Singh ji’s bidding, creating the nucleus of the self-abnegating, brave and casteless fellowship of the Khalsa. It is thus the Birthplace of the Khalsa.
The Takht Sahib
The Takht Sahib proper is a square hall with a balcony in front overlooking a spacious courtyard on a lower level. In the middle of the inner domed room are placed some weapons preserved as sacred relics. The space being limited on the top of the hill, the sarovar is on the plain ground west of the Takht Sahib. A large spacious pavilion is also around for larger congregation. Although the town is small but on the occassion of Hola Mohalla every year in the month of March it booms into boisterous activities and recaptures its old glory andsplendor
Anandpur Sahib comes to life every year on the occasion of Hola Mohalla. This tradition dates back to the times of the 10th Guru, Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji. The Guru decided that the occasion of the festival of Holi, fun and frolic and colour splashing, be the occasion for the display of the martial spirit of his people and he gave this festival of Holi a more masculine name of Hola Mohalla. Each year Hola Mohalla marks the congregation of lacs of devotees from all over the country for a festival of colour and gaiety.
Baisakhi 1999 at Anandpur Sahib had been significant as it marked the completion of 300 years of the Birth of the Khalsa. It was on Baisakhi day in 1699 that Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji baptised the 'Panj Pyaras' at Anaandpur Sahib at the place where Takht Sri Kesgarh Sahib stands.
Around Sri Anandpur Sahib
It is 11 kms on Sri Anandpur Sahib-Ganguwal route leading to the State of Himachal Pradesh. On 25th January, 1686, the 10th Guru's wedding to Mata Jito Ji was celebrated here. Two almost pinhead springs still functional, were pierced by the 10th Guru by lancing the rocky mountains
Gurudwara Mata Jito Ji
Not far from Holgarh Fort. Mata Jito Ji was cremated here.
Bhai Ghanaiya Ji: His Baoli / Spring
Across the now almost dried up rivulet Charan Ganga and below the Taragarh hill, Bhai Ghanaiya Ji had anticipated the RED CROSS almost two centuries before its formation in the modern times. He used to render first aid to friends and foes, alike-something unknown in the world, then.
Sri Anandpur Sahib is the bastion from where the stoutest defence was put up to maintain liberty from the bigoted slavery of the Mughals and their tributory chiefs of the surrounding hills.
Anandpur Sahib is a city and a municipal council in Rupnagar district in the state of Punjab, India. About 85 kms north-west of Chandigarh, district Ropar (Rupnagar) Punjab - India, connected both by rail and road. Hot in summer, pleasant in spring and autumn and cold in winter.