Lucknow is a city synonymous with the Nawabi Culture. The imperialistic splendour and magnificence of the Nawabi era has been glorified and eulogized down the ages by writers, poets and historians alike.
At the same time its mystical elegance and amorous ethos has caught the fascination of many world famous romantics. Known for its adab and Tehzeeb (cultural refinement), Lucknow is also associated with its legendary hospitality, leisurely moods of life, fabled edifices steeped in history, world renowned cuisine and exquisite Sham-e- Awadh.
Tremors of time have not effaced Lucknow of its cultural heritage and traditions, which once contributed in creating the city incomparable in its times.
History :- Though archaeological finds have indicated a very old site, Lucknow was set up in its present form by Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula in 1775. He belonged to the Awadh dynasty, founded by a Persian courtier of the Mughals, Saadat Khan Burhan-ul-Mulk. Under his patronage, several artists and thinkers came from Persia, bringing Shi’a tradition with them. The rulers of Avadh established Lucknow as a centre for the pursuit of culture and arts. However, later rulers became decadent and profligate, frittering away their wealth. The degeneration of the ruling classes was used as an excuse by the British, under Lord Dalhousie, to take over the state of Avadh.
Climate:- Lucknow is the capital of the state of Uttar Pradesh. The city is situated in the upper gangetic plains of India. Summers in the city are quiet warm with temperature reaching up to 45 'C. The winters offer a comparatively pleasant climate with average temperature up to 11 'C. The best time to visit the historic city of Lucknow is around the months of October to February.
Prime Attractions:- There are several tourist attractions in Lucknow. The Bada Imambada, built by Asaf-ud-Daula in the year 1784 was part of the famine relief project where a number of laborers were appointed to build this Imambada. It is said that this hall is the world's largest arched room without any pillars and the Nawabs used to hold their public hearings. The Rumi Darwaza was also built as a relief work during the famine of 1783.
How to reach Lucknow by Air: Lucknow is well connected by air with the major cities and towns in India. Lucknow airport is at Amausi, located about 15 km from the city center.
How to reach Lucknow by Rail: Lucknow has two main rail junctions- Charbagh and Lucknow. It has good rail network touching all the important rail junctions in the country.
How to reach Lucknow by Road: Lucknow is well connected by a network of roads and road transport to all major towns of Uttar Pradesh and surrounding areas.