Nestled on the banks of the eternal Ganga, Kanpur stands as one of North India’s major industrial centres with its own historical, religious and commercial importance. Believed to be founded by king Hindu Singh of the erstwhile state of Sachendi, Kanpur was originally known as `Kanhpur’. Historically, Jajmau on the eastern outskirts of present day Kanpur is regarded as one of the most archaic tounships of Kanpur district.Upto the 1st half of the 18th century Kanpur continued to survive as an insignificant village. Its fate, however, took a new turn soon after. In May 1765, Shuja-ud-daula, the Nawab Wazir of Awadh, was defeated by the British near Jajmau. It was probably at this time that strategic importance of the site of Kanpur was realised by the British. European businessmen had by this time gradually started establishing themselves in Kanpur. In order to ensure protection to their lives and property the `Awadh local forces’ were shifted here in 1778. Kanpur passed into British hands under the treaty of 1801 with Nawab Saadat Ali Khan of Awadh. This forms a turning point in the history of Kanpur. Soon Kanpur became one of the most important military station of British India. It was declared a district on 24th March 1803.
The Kanpur Memorial Church
(All Soul’s Cathedral)
The Kanpur Memorial Church was built in 1875, in honour of the British who lost their lives in the war of 1857. The Church was designed by Walter Granville, architect of the east Bengal Railway. The complete Church in Lombardic gothic style is handsomely executed in bright red brick, with polychrome dressings. The interior contains monuments to the mutiny, including several memorial tablets.In the separate enclosure to the east of the church is the Memorial Garden, approached through two gateways. Here the handsome carved gothic screen, designed by Henry Yule, stands. Its centre is occupied by the beautiful carved figure of an angle by Baron Carlo Marochetti, with crossed arms, holding palons, symbol of peace. Originally the statue and the screen stood in the Municipal Gardens in the centre of the city, over the site of the Bibighar well. The memorials were relocated here after independence in 1948. The Military Cemetery on the edge of the cantonment contains a number of interesting graves from the late 19th century. Within the city the king Edward VII memorial hall is noteworthy and Christ Church building, built in 1840.
The mound of Jajmau, on the eastern end of the city occupies a high place among ancient sities of the region. Excavations of the mound were undertaken during 1957-58 which unearthed antiquities ranging from 600 BC to 1600 AD. Jajmau,known as Siddhapuri in ancient times, is supposed to have been the kingdom of Yayati, the Pauranic king and the high mound overhanging the Ganga is known as the site of his fort.
Today, Jajmau houses the Siddhnath and Siddha Devi temples and the mousoleium of Makhdum Shah Ala-ul-Haq, the famous Sufi saint, built by Firoz Shah Tughlaq in 1358. A mosque built by Kulich Khan in 1679 also stands here.
Shri Radhakrishna Temple
Beautifully constructed, J.K. temple is a boon to the devotees. Built by J.K. Trust this architectural delight is a unique blend of ancient architecture with the modern. The even-level roofs o the mandaps have been provided with adequate ventilation for sufficient light and air. Among the five shrines that the temple has the central one s consecrated to Shri Radhakrishna and the other are adorned with idols of Shri Laxminarayan, Shri. Ardhanarishwar, Shri Narmadeshwar and Shri Hanuman.
Jain Glass Temple
It is situated in Maheshwari Mohal behind the Kamla Tower. It is a beautiful temple highly decorated with glass and enamel works.
Allen Forest Zoo
The Kanpur Zoo was opend in 1971 and ranks among one of the best zoos in the country. It is an ideal place for outdoor life and picnics amongst picturesque surroundings. Phone: 543678.
Lies to the west of the Agricultural College in immediate neighbourhood of the Allen Forest. It is under the possession of Singhania family and is a beauty spot of the city. There is a swimming tank with an equipment for producing artificial waves and suitable arrangement for lighting. Besides parks and a canal with facilities for boating, a zoo is also maintained.
Kamla Retreat also houses a museum which has a good collection of historical and archaeological artifacts. Visitors are allowed only with prior permission from:; Deputy General Manager (Administration), Kamla Tower, Kamalanagar, Kanpur, UP. Phone: 311478 & 311479.
It is a beautiful park in the heart of the city on the Mall Road. In the centre of the park is a building known as Ganesh Shanker Vidyarthi Memorial (K.E.M. Hall). After the first World War there was an Orthopaedic Rehabilitation Hospital in this building. It is now known as Ganesh Udyan.
Nana Rao Park
To the west of Phool Bagh is located the Nana Rao Park. It is the site of the `Bibighar’ of 1857. The Park was renamed as Nana Rao Park after independence.
Dwarka Dhish Temple
Situated adjacent to Kamla Tower, this temple is dedicated to the worship of Lord Krishna.
The jhoola dedicated during sravan is worth viewing in this Temple.
Also situated on Mall Road, it is generally used for public meetings.A part of garden is specially well maintained where the annual flower shows are held. It also has a summer house and a large public library is situated here.
Brijendra Swaroop Park
Situated in Aryanagar area of Kanpur,this park is also very big and has spacious lawns and play grounds.
This is drinking water reservoir of Kanpur Waterworks. It is situated in the Benajhabar area of the city The area around the jheel has recently been developed into a beautiful recreation grounds & children parks.
Situated in Nawab Ganj area, it has very beautiful & shady drive and a variety of botanical species are cultivated here.
Allen Forest Zoo
Situated beyond Nawab Ganj, north of Kanpur, it is a well known picnic spot and has forest training school.This vast forest possesses well maintained zoo which abounds in the rare species of animals.
Green Park Stadium
This is the best & the most famous play ground of Kanpur.International cricket matches are held here and is considered to have one of the best pitches in the world.
Situated beyond Nawab Ganj,this is an attractive health resort privately owned by the Singhania Family of M/s Juggilal Kamlapat popularly known as the J.K passes for visisting the resort can be obtained from the Kamla Tower, kanpur.
On the right bank of the river Ganga in the Cantonment Area, lies this place of great historical importance, since the time of India mutiny of 1857.The Ghat has been renamed as Nanarao Ghat, in the memory of Nana Saheb Peshwa, who ejected the British from Kanpur.The Ghat is also Known as Satti Chura Ghat, which was the scene of terrible massacre.
Other Places of Interest
Other Places of Interest are; Tapeshwaridevi Temple, Vankhahdeshwar Temple, Anandeshwar Temple, Tulsi Upvan-Children Park, Botanical Garden, Prayag Narain Temple (Shivalaya), Nanarao Ghat, Panki Hanuman Temple and Singhania Art Gallary.
Among other sites worth visiting at Kanpur are the Hanuman temple-Panki, Anandeshwar temple, Jageshwar temple, Dwarikadhish temple, Prayagnarayan temple, Kailash temple, Buddhadevi temple, Kherepati temple, Varahidevi temple, Bhairav temple and Tulsi Upvan (Moti Jheel).
How to Reach Kanpur
Chakeri Airport, Kanpur, has become operational since January 1996 and is serviced by , Archana Airways and other private airlines. Apart from this the nearest airport is Amausi, Lucknow, 65 km.
Connections to all the major stations of the country by express, super-fast and passenger trains.
Kanpur is connected by road with all the major cities of the country. It is situated on National Highway No. 2 on the Delhi-Agra-Allahabad-Calcutta route and on National Highway No. 25 on the Lucknow-Jhansi-Shivpuri route. Distances from some destinations in the region:
Lucknow – 79 km.
Allahabad – 193 km.
Varanasi – 329 km.
Khajuraho – 398 km.
Agra – 269 km.
Jhansi – 222 km.