Bangalore (Bengaluru), the garden city popular for its scenic surroundings and pleasant climate, is the capital of the state Karnataka. Located about 1000 m above sea level, the city known for its sprawling gardens, well designed shopping arcades, art galleries, exotic restaurants & pubs has its own style and sophistication. The city which used to be the largest British military cantonment in South India during the British Raj, is home to large number of migrants from Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and North India. It is one of the fastest growing industrial and commercial centres in India in the areas of aerospace, electronics, defence and mainly IT sector- software services which is reflected in the city being referred to as the Silicon Valley of India.
The Chola King - Veera Ballalla ruled the Deccan plateau, the South of India during the 12th century in the year 1120 AD. Once on a hunting trip the king lost his way in the dense forest of the region. After a long search to his way out he met an old lady in the forest who greeted him with all amenity and offered him shelter for the night and served him baked beans for dinner. The king was thoroughly impressed by the loving gesture of the lady and decided to show his gratitude by constructing a town and named it as Benda Kalooru, which means Baked Beans. Later in 1537, a local chieftain, Kempe Gowda helped design this town and give it its modern shape.
¤ Main Attractions
The Bull Temple
has been built by Kempegowda in the 16th century AD. The gray granite sacred bull, Nandi, is the main attraction after which the temple has been named. The sacred bull has been carved out of a single granite block and measures 4.57 m in height and 6.10 m in length.
Tipu Sultan's Palace
built of teakwood, was constructed between 1781-1791. The palace is famous for its inlay designs, the floral patterns on the walls and ceilings, After Tipu's death the British used the palace as a Secretariat until 1867.
a botanical garden, it was originally called Lalbagh, Lal means Red and Bagh means Garden. The garden is embellished with thousands of beautiful red roses. It also has a green house with a collection of various kinds of flora. Another attraction of the garden is the Glasshouse constructed on the pattern of the Crystal Palace in London.
Sri Gavi Gangadhareswara Temple
The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is caved out of a monolithic granite rock. It is believed that on January 14th every year, a ray of sunlight passes through an arch between the horns of stone bull that stands outside the temple and lights up the idol inside. It shows the supremacy of the techniques used in ancient architecture combined with their knowledge of astronomy.
The Bangalore aquarium is an ideal place to see a large variety of aqua-fauna at close quarters. It the second largest aquarium in the country.
Timings: Open 10.00 to 19.30 hours. Closes on Thursdays.
Government Museum and Venkatappa Art Gallery
Established in 1886 the Government Museum showcases varied collection of archaeological artifacts. The art gallery has a collection of the works of the noted artist - K. Venkatappa of the Mysore Court.
Timings: Open 10.00 to 17.00. Closes on Wednesdays.
¤ Nearby Excursions
Bangalore makes an excellent excursion to the nearby places.
30km is a great center of dance learning. A classical dance academy has its institution set up in the village.
Bannerghatta National Park
21 km from the city is a wildlife reserve area housing many wilds in their most natural surroundings.
Nandi Hill Resort
60km famous for its temples and fort is worth a visit site. Devarayandurga - 70km and Ramanagaram -49km are famous for taking up adventure activity. Rugged rock formation around Bangalore offers adventures like trekking and rock climbing to the adventure enthusiast.
139 km a historical city offers its visitors a royal treat of forts, palaces. There are also number of ancient Hindu temples and monuments, which hold a great source of attraction.
20 km east of Bangalore is the summerhouse of the Shri Sathya Sai Baba and ISKCON (International Society for Krishna Consciousness) Temple Complex are important spiritual centers, worth paying a visit.
¤ Fairs and Festivals in Bangalore
All major Indian festivals are celebrated with traditional pomp and gaiety. Bangalore also celebrates some regional festivals.
Yugadi (March or early April)
Yugadi is celebrated as a New Year in the state of Karnataka. This day is considered very auspicious to start up with any thing new. The festival begins with ritual bath and prayers and continues till late night. Ugadi also indicates the advent of spring with flowers blooming all around, green fields embellished with lush green grasses,all heralding a new beginning. The women prepare special dishes to mark the occasion.
Dussehra is the most celebrated festival of Karnataka. The festival is celebrated for ten days, a huge procession is taken where decorated elephants, horses and the colorful folk are the part of the procession. During the golden rule of kings, on the 10th day, the Maharaja of Mysore, use to comes out in a procession sitting on an elephant embellished with a most royal tint. With the ending of the royal rule, a picture of Bhuvaneshwari, the patron goddess of Karnataka, is taken out in procession.
Karaga Festival (March and April)
Terra-cotta Pot known as Karaga is taken out in a procession an pot personifying Shakti is taken out in with a massive procession for more than 20kms, finally the pot is immersed in the Sampangi tank. It is a most lively and colorful procession as devotees balance pots on their heads to test the power of their traits.
Kadalekaye Parishe (November)
It is also called Peanut festival, the farmers celebrate the first groundnut crop of the year. The peanut is offered to the Bull Nandani, the sacred bull of Lord Shiva.The farmers worship at the Bull temple and seek blessings.
Makara Sankranthi or Pongal (January)
The festival is celebrated to mark the beginning of the harvest season. It is also celebrated to mark the change of seasons from winter to spring.
It is celebrated in September all over the world, the day before Swarna Gowri.
On this auspicious day married women offers Goddess Lakshmi, garlands of cash, ornaments and other valuables. They pray for prosperity, peace and happiness for their families and husbands. One gets rid of all his problems after performing this puja. Ladies also offer vermilion or kum-kum to married ladies.
¤ Accessibility To The City
Air: Bangalore Airport is 13 km east of the City Station. There are number of daily flights to important cities like Indian Airlines connect Bangalore with all the major destinations in India, like-- Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai, Pune, Ahmedabad, Goa, Hyderabad, and Trivandrum. Damania Airlines, East-West, Continental Aviation also operates flights from Bangalore to Bombay.
Bangalore also has direct international flights to Muscat, Sharjah and Singapore. It is also a stopover for many international flights.
Rail: There are two railway stations in Bangalore. The main station is well connected to all major Indian cities. There are number of daily express trains from Bangalore to other cities of India. Bangalore is directly connected by rail with Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Cochin, Delhi, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Mangalore, Chennai, Nagpur, Trivandrum, Goa and other cities in India.
Road: The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) buses and buses belonging to Tamilnadu and Goa Roadways also operate from here.
Regular bus services connect Bangalore to Belgaum, Bidar, Bijapur, Goa, Hospet, Hyderabad, Madras, Madikere, Madurai, Mangalore, Mysore, Tirupati, Nandi Hills, Chanrajaragar, Jog Falls, Ootacamund (Ooty) Raichur, Ernakulam, Gulbarga, Pondicherry, Calicut, Dharwar etc.
Coaches of B.T.S., I.T.D.C., K.S.T.D.C. are available. Tourist taxis and city bus services are also available.